Camponotus floridanus

School of Ants collection
Literature record

Camponotus floridanus


This ant, known as the Florida Carpenter Ant or the Red Carpenter Ant, is easily identified by its tricolored body; dark red head + red-orange thorax +dark abdomen = Camponotus floridanus. Look closely and you’ll see that the workers come in two forms: small-headed minor workers, which primarily gather food and perform housekeeping duties; and large-headed major workers specializing in defense. These big majors snap their jaws menacingly at insects or other threats attacking the colony. These ants live as far north as North Carolina, and as far west as Mississippi. These ants can nest in many different materials, usually favoring wood that has been damaged by moisture, fungi, or termites. In their search for food and moisture, they will sometimes come into people’s homes, or they can be brought inside in potted plants. What would you do if one got into your house?

Find out more about this species at Antweb.org and see more photos at Alex Wild's photography site.